Posts tagged: SQL

TSQL: Remove duplicate records. Clean and Simple

By , February 2, 2011 5:20 pm

It’s a common scenario, your table has several records with identical values and you need to leave only one, deleting the rest. Here is a generic TSQL query (SQL Server 2005 and above) that does just that in a few lines:

WITH DUP_TABLE AS
   (SELECT ROW_NUMBER()
    OVER (PARTITION BY FIELD1, FIELD2 ORDER BY FIELD1, FIELD2) As ROW_NO
    FROM ORIGINAL_TABLE)
DELETE FROM DUP_TABLE WHERE ROW_NO > 1

Here ORIGINAL_TABLE is your table with duplicates. FIELD1 and FIELD2 are columns with duplicates value (feel free to add or remove columns to suit your needs). Internal query assigns a row number to each duplicate record and DELETE statements that uses that CTE deletes all the rows except the one with Row Number = 1

SSRS Query execution failed … Expected parameter …

By , January 4, 2011 5:34 pm

Consider following scenario: While developing for SQL Server Reporting Services you created a report in Business Intelligent Studio (or generated RDL file elsewhere and then added it to Studio’s project). Everything works fine, you’re able to preview report. And then you need to change Data Source (one example: you created a shared Data Source and now want your report to use it). After you do that any attempt to run the report results in error: Query execution failed … Expected parameter ….

The reason in this case – when you change the data source thru GUI – it resets query used by the report. It can change query type from StoredProcedure to Text and also remove all default query parameters (hence error above).

There’re 2 possible solutions here: First – instead of using GUI, manually change Data Source in the XML source of the report file (in Solution Explorer right mouse click on the report file and select “View Code”). You will have to change it in several places, so be careful. Second – re-create query with its default parameters after changing Data Source in GUI.

T-SQL: Automatically Upgrade NVARCHAR(N) field to NVARCHAR(MAX)

By , January 5, 2010 2:36 pm

If you’re writing an SQL upgrade script that updates a field in your table from NVARCHAR(n) data type to NVARCHAR(max) and the script is designed to run many times – an easy way to avoid multiple table alteration is to check for max character length for that field, i.e.:

IF (SELECT CHARACTER_MAXIMUM_LENGTH FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS WHERE TABLE_NAME = 'MY_TABLE' AND COLUMN_NAME = 'MY_COLUMN')<>-1
BEGIN
	ALTER TABLE [dbo].[MY_TABLE] ALTER COLUMN [MY_COLUMN] [nvarchar](max) NOT NULL
END

This code checks length of the field which is specific number for standard NVARCHAR and -1 for NVARCHAR(max), and alters column type only if it hasn’t already been altered.

T-SQL: Add column with default values to a table

By , January 5, 2010 12:16 pm

Let’s say you need to add a column to an existing table that already contains some rows. And this new column needs to be prepopulated with a default value. For example integer nullable column NEW_COLUMN is added to table MY_TABLE. Common approach is to check for column existence, and if it doesn’t exist – create and populate it:

if not (exists(SELECT * FROM SYSCOLUMNS WHERE ID = OBJECT_ID('[dbo].[MY_TABLE]') AND Name = 'NEW_COLUMN'))
BEGIN
	ALTER TABLE [dbo].[MY_TABLE] ADD [NEW_COLUMN] [int] NULL
	UPDATE [dbo].[MY_TABLE] SET [NEW_COLUMN] = 1
END

But this doesn’t work – you get “Invalid column name” error. The trick is – you don’t need a separate UPDATE statement. ALTER TABLE … ADD statement has a DEFAULT parameter. You can modify previous code like this:

if not (exists(SELECT * FROM SYSCOLUMNS WHERE ID = OBJECT_ID('[dbo].[MY_TABLE]') AND Name = 'NEW_COLUMN'))
BEGIN
	ALTER TABLE [dbo].[MY_TABLE] ADD [NEW_COLUMN] [int] NULL DEFAULT 1 WITH VALUES
END

This ALTER statement assigns default value of 1 to the new column. WITH VALUES parameter is important, it populates existing rows with the default value (without it it will be populated by NULLs).

WordPress MU: Delete Empty Posts

By , December 11, 2009 4:29 pm

Sometimes I bring information to a couple of my other WordPress blogs via RSS feed. It’s a nice feature, allowing you to create several posts at once without manual entry. Unfortunately if RSS feed is broken or improperly formatted it can result in blank posts imported into the blog.

I was looking for a WordPress plugin that would allow me to mass-delete empty posts, but apparently none exist. You can delete posts based on date, tags, category, but not the content. Fortunately if you have access to phpMyAdmin of your MySQL installation – there is a solution. Continue reading 'WordPress MU: Delete Empty Posts'»

Select specific groups using DENSE_RANK

By , July 1, 2009 10:05 am

Imagine after running a query like this:

SELECT ContactName, Country FROM Customers ORDER BY Country

on Northwind database and getting following result:

ContactName           Country
Patricio Simpson      Argentina
Yvonne Moncada        Argentina
Sergio Gutiérrez      Argentina
Georg Pipps           Austria
Roland Mendel         Austria
Catherine Dewey       Belgium
Pascale Cartrain      Belgium
Anabela Domingues     Brazil
Paula Parente         Brazil
Bernardo Batista      Brazil
Lúcia Carvalho        Brazil
Janete Limeira        Brazil
Aria Cruz             Brazil
André Fonseca         Brazil
Mario Pontes          Brazil
Pedro Afonso          Brazil
Elizabeth Lincoln     Canada
Jean Fresnière        Canada
Yoshi Tannamuri       Canada
...

You’re asked to retreive only the 2nd and the 5th group of contacts. How do you do it? Continue reading 'Select specific groups using DENSE_RANK'»

T-SQL String Aggregate in SQL Server

By , June 25, 2009 3:00 pm

T-SQL dialect of SQL doesn’t have aggregate functions for strings, but there is an easy workaround using magic of XML.

Consider Employees table of the Northwind database. When I run following query:

SELECT Country, FirstName FROM Employees ORDER BY Country, FirstName

I get following result:

Country FirstName
UK      Anne
UK      Michael
UK      Robert
UK      Steven
USA     Andrew
USA     Janet
USA     Laura
USA     Margaret
USA     Nancy

Now I want to combine first names into comma separated strings grouped by country. Continue reading 'T-SQL String Aggregate in SQL Server'»

Group By and Aggregates in .NET DataTable

By , April 20, 2009 6:31 am

Often there is a need to perform group by operations on in-memory .NET data tables. You can’t run a standard SQL statement and LINQ is not available prior version 3.0 of .NET. To compensate for this shortcoming I put together a small function that works in .NET 2.0. As input parameters it accepts source DataTable, column name to group by and a column name to perform aggregate operation on. It returns a grouped data as data table:

Function GroupBy(ByVal i_sGroupByColumn As String, ByVal i_sAggregateColumn As String, ByVal i_dSourceTable As DataTable) As DataTable


        Dim dv As New DataView(i_dSourceTable)

        'getting distinct values for group column
        Dim dtGroup As DataTable = dv.ToTable(True, New String() {i_sGroupByColumn}) 

        'adding column for the row count
        dtGroup.Columns.Add("Count", GetType(Integer)) 

        'looping thru distinct values for the group, counting
        For Each dr As DataRow In dtGroup.Rows
            dr("Count") = i_dSourceTable.Compute("Count(" & i_sAggregateColumn & ")", i_sGroupByColumn & " = '" & dr(i_sGroupByColumn) & "'")
        Next        

        'returning grouped/counted result
        Return dtGroup
End Function

The function first gets distinct values for group-by column, by creating a data view from source data table and using DataView’s “ToTable” method. It then loops thru these distinct values performing aggregate function on the source table using DataTable’s “Compute” method – Count in this case, but it can easily be replaced with other aggregates.

TSQL IsNumeric function returns false positives

By , April 3, 2009 7:31 am

IsNumeric(data)  is a widely used function in SQL Server programming.  If passed in data is a number – it returns 1, otherwise 0. Supposedly. There’re several cases when it returns 1 even though the data is not numeric. Some of those cases are: dollar sign “$”, minus sign “-“, space, tab. If you try to call Cast or Convert function on the data after that to convert data to number – they will throw an error

An excellent article at SQL Hacks suggest adding “e0” to the data when passing it to IsNumeric function. What it does essentualy is making the number to be in scientific format, e.g 12.34 becomes 12.34e0 (or 12.34 * 1). Which still remains a number. So IsNumeric(12.34e0) returns 1 while IsNumeric($e0) returns 0.

Which works great until actual number in scientific format is passed.  If you try to test for example 1.234e5, IsNumeric correctly returns 1, but by adding “e0” as article suggest IsNumeric(1.2345e5e0) returns 0.

To work around this limitation I simple test for an “e” within passed data. If it exist, I am calling IsNumeric as usual, if it does not – I am adding “e0” to the tested data:

CREATE FUNCTION IsRealNumber (@i_sValueToTest nvarchar(250))
/* This function tests if passed in value a real number */

RETURNS int
AS
BEGIN
       DECLARE @iResult int

      — if there is ‘E’ in the value – do a standard IsNumeric test
     IF CHARINDEX(‘E’, UPPER(@i_sValueToTest))<> 0
            SET @iResult = IsNumeric(@i_sValueToTest)
      — Otherwise do a modified IsNumeric test by adding ‘E0’ at the end
    ELSE
          SET @iResult = IsNumeric(@i_sValueToTest + ‘E0’)

        RETURN @iResult
END

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